Hematology is the study of blood, specifically how blood affects overall health and disease.
Hematology tests examine the blood, blood proteins, and organs that produce blood.Infection,
anaemia, inflammation, haemophilia, blood-clotting problems, leukaemia, and the body's
response to chemotherapy treatments are all illnesses that can be evaluated with these
tests. Tests might be routine and consistent, or they can be used to diagnose significant
illnesses in an emergency. A blood test can often provide an accurate assessment of body
conditions and how internal or external influences may affect a patient's health.The aim
of several of the more frequent haematological tests will be explained in this article.
- Testing for a complete blood count: FBC testing, or full blood count, is a common test that assesses the three major components of blood: white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets.
- WBC (White Blood Cells) TestingKnowing how many white cells are in the blood can help doctors diagnose and treat a variety of illnesses. I
- RBC (Red Blood Cell) Counting:
Chemotherapy treatments, chronic inflammatory illnesses, blood loss, and various types of cancer can all cause a decrease in blood cells.
- Hemoglobin Analysis:
Blood loss, anaemia, liver illness, and lymphoma can all produce an increase in haemoglobin levels, whereas dehydration, congestive heart failure, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can all cause a drop.
- Platelets and Hematocrit: Inflammatory situations such as trauma, acute infection, and a variety of malignant tumours can cause an increase in platelet counts. Anemia, coagulation diseases such as sickle cell anaemia, alcohol poisoning, and infection can all cause platelet numbers to drop.
- Monochrome Filming: Mononucleosis testing entails checking for antibodies produced by the immune system as it fights the illness.
- Testing for Vitamin B12 Deficiency:
This vitamin is necessary for healthy blood cells, neurons, and DNA stability.
- Renal Profile Analysis: A renal profile can give you a unique and valuable look at how your kidneys are working.
- Testing for Cholesterol: Total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol (the bad), HDL cholesterol (the good), Triglycerides, and the patient's risk ratio are all tested in the blood test.
- Blood Glucose Testing: HbA1c testing is also known as A1c, Glycohemoglobin, or Glycohemoglobin testing.